Discussion:A Structure of Nursing Knowledge

Discussion:A Structure of Nursing Knowledge

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Discussion:A Structure of Nursing Knowledge

Question Description
A structure of nursing knowledge
The theoretical works are nursing frameworks that have been organized into types, and the theorists who have been selected for each type. The identification of selected works within each of the types is arbitrary at best. Effort has been made to reflect the level of abstraction for each type or preference of the theorist. Types of knowledge, levels, and examples of each within the structure are illustrated in Table (see below), and discussed in the following text.

Knowledge Structure Levels With Selected Examples for Illustration

Structure Level Examples
Metaparadigm Human beings, environment, health, and nursing
Philosophy Nightingale’s philosophy
Conceptual models Neuman’s systems model
Grand theory Neuman’s optimal client stability
Theory Flexible line of defense moderate optimal client stability
Middle-range theory Maintaining optimal client stability with structured activity (body recall) in a community setting for healthy aging

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Assignment:A Structure of Nursing Knowledge

Assignment:A Structure of Nursing Knowledge
Modified from Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theory: Utilization & application (5th ed.). St Louis: Mosby; Fawcett, J., & DeSanto Madeya, S. (2013). Contemporary nursing knowledge: Conceptual models of nursing and nursing theories (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis.

Types of Nursing Theoretical Works

Nursing philosophies







Nursing conceptual models








Nursing theories and grand theories

Boykin and Schoenhofer






Erickson, Tomlin, and Swain

Husted and Husted

Middle-range nursing theories




Wiener and Dodd

Eakes, Burke, and Hainsworth





Ruland and Moore

Questions for Analysis and Critical Reflection of Theoretical Works

• Clarity: How clear is this theory?

• Simplicity: How simple is this theory?

• Generality: How general is this theory?

• Accessibility: How accessible is this theory?

• Importance: How important is this theory?


Can you define each of them?

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