Memory Models Assignment

Memory Models Assignment

Memory Models Assignment


1. Farah is studying for her linguistics exam. She thinks that if she can process the terminology and theories more deeply, she will probably retain the information better. Farah’s thinking is similar to what model of memory?


a. Levels of processing                                 c. Parallel distributed processing

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b. Transfer-appropriate processing               d. Information processing




2. Amanda asks Becky, “How was your spring break?” As Becky describes her vacation, she begins to feel


guilty because she subconsciously recalls how her parents criticized her for taking a trip instead of


concentrating on her studies. Becky’s recollection of her vacation is an example of a(n) memory, and


her feeling of guilt is an example of a(n) __ memory




a. implicit; explicit                              c. episodic; semantic


b. semantic; episodic                          d. explicit; implicit




3. When you ask her, Kyung cannot remember the names of all fifty U.S. state capitals. However, when you then show her a list of U.S. city names, she can correctly point out all fifty capitals. Kyung originally had trouble remembering the state capitals because of poor




a. recall.                                      c. elaborative rehearsal.


b. recognition.                            d. maintenance rehearsal




4. Jill is studying for her psychology midterm. The most effective way for Jill to encode the course material


would be




a. acoustically.                              c. semantically.


b. visually.                                     d. episodically.




5. Skill learning depends mainly on




a. insight and observational learning.


b. operant conditioning and reconditioning.


c. classical conditioning.


d. imitation, following instructions, and practice.




6. Gretchen absolutely loves going to school. Her teacher uses teaching methods that are fun, such as


small-group problem-solving tasks, discussion of short essays written in class, and short review sessions of


the previous half-hour of class. Gretchen’s teacher is obviously taking a(n) __ learning approach.




a. insight                                     c. vicarious .


b. latent                                       d. active




7. If a group of kids is allowed to watch more hours of violent television programs than usual, they most likely




a. be much less aggressive immediately afterward.


b. be slightly less aggressive later on the playground.


c. imitate many of the violent actions they witnessed.


d. imitate only the violent actions that were rewarded on television.


8. During her talk, Dr. Ravenscroft discusses her research on learning and how the brain creates associations


and connections. Most likely, Dr. Ravenscroft has found that association networks can be explained by all of


the following except




a. parallel-distributed processing.            c. connectionist models.


b. opponent-process theory.                    d. distributed memory and knowledge




9. Your friend tells you that she just bought a cat. You naturally assume that your friend means that she bought


a housecat rather than a lion or a tiger. This is an illustration of a(n)




a. constructive memory.                   c. implicit memory.


b. spontaneous generalization.        d. relearning method.


10. When asked to describe an examination room at his doctor’s office, John seemed to do an accurate job.


However, his description included a framed medical degree on the wall that in fact was not there. This is an


illustration of


a. context-specificity.              c. constructive memory.


b. elaborative rehearsal.          d. a retrieval cue.




11. Al is on the witness stand. He is asked whether he can remember the name of the person who told him to


place the bet. Al replies that he thinks the last name ofthe person starts with “C.” AI’s response is an example




a. penultimate response.                      c. spontaneous generalization.


b. feeling-of-knowing experience.      d. tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon




12. Blair is asked a question during a game of Trivial Pursuit. The answer is on the tip of his tongue, but he can’t


come up with it. Which of the following memory processes failed him?


a. Encoding                c. Retrieval


b. Storage                   d. Rehearsal




13. Semantic network models predict that people will respond more quickly to the question “Can a bat fly?” than


they will to “Is a bat a mammal?” because


a. of the primacy effect.


b. the first question requires a deeper level of processing.


c. they probably have a stronger association between “bat” and “wings” than “bat” and


“mammal. ”


d. the first question can be answered using short-term memory, but the second question






14. Sharmin is trying to remember the hilarious conversation she had with her friends last night If Sharmin


wanted to utilize context-specific memory to help remember the conversation topics, she should


a. recreate the mood she was in when the conversation took place.


b. concentrate on the last topic they discussed.


c. cluster the topics into meaningful groups of information.


d. return to the restaurant in which they had the conversation.


15.  Fred was tired of hearing two-year-old Pebbles cry whenever she did not get her way. Fred decided to ignore


Pebbles anytime she had a crying outburst. Over the course of several weeks, the frequency of outbursts


decreased and eventually ceased. What operant conditioning process was Fred utilizing? Memory Models Assignment

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